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BBC World News

News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay. International issues. (CC) (Stereo)

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U.s. 14, China 8, Obama 4, U.n. 3, New York 3, Bbc News 3, Okinawa 3, Burma 3, America 3, Syria 2, Wisconsin 2, Stowe 2, Union Bank 2, Newman 2, Vermont 2, Washington 2, Germany 2, Europe 2, Hollywood 2, Us 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    November 2, 2012
    7:00 - 7:30am EDT  

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>> this is "bbc world news." funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to know your business, offering specialized solutions and capital to help you meet your growth objectives. we offer expertise and tailored solutions for small businesses and major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news."
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>> a video posted on the internet shows serious trouble fighters saw some early executing what appears to be government soldiers. job figures are out in the u.s. today at the battle for the white house goes to ohio and wisconsin. dozens of young men have been shocked by the military in northeastern nigeria. welcome to bbc world news. also, the world bank says burma and will get its first development plan. and, tackling the energy question.
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human rights groups have condemned a video posted on the internet which appears to show syrian rebels of executing captured government soldiers. amnesty international says if confirmed, it constitutes a war crime. we are asking whether this is something new. >> it has happened before. but now it is becoming more and more obvious that the rebels are committing killings like the regime, and at the same level, both of them. it is just days before a big conference in doha where the opposition is asked to unified under one group, in order to bid but to lead the rebels on the ground, because there's a big discrepancy between the political leadership and the rebels on the ground who are fighting, in their aspirations,
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in the way they are conducting their rebellion. >> are they out of control? who is funding these groups? whether it coming from -- where are they coming from? clerk this is a rebel informed by several groups. this is not the regular army. it happened in many revolutions, review have small groups fighting, and they're coming from nowhere. there are many suspicions that al qaeda and some extremists are infiltrating the country from several orders and coming to fight and for jihad against the regime in syria -- infiltrating the country from several borders. it's not easy to control the rebellion on the ground. >> what about the countries we have known in the past that have supported rebel groups?
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how much control can they exert? how much pressure will come on them? >> there's room for some pressure, but it is not absolute control of these countries, because they belong to small extremist groups coming from different countries and, for jihad, like one group accused of committing the video that we have seen. so there are several groups coming from different places. we cannot ask saudi arabia or qater to be in control of these groups. but there are some efforts exerted in order to put some order. one of them is to unify the opposition under one leadership. >> the chief spokesman for the u.n. human rights commission has said that it's seems this
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incident is very likely to be a war crime. joining me from geneva is our correspondent. >> i have just been at a briefing where he said that. in response to a question that i put to him. although he stressed that this video still need to be verified, he said that it appears to showed soldiers no longer taking part in the hostilities and therefore to kill them would be a war crime under international law, under the geneva convention. noncombatants who are summarily executed, that constitutes a war crime. it went on to say the u.n. human rights council is gathering evidence of violations carried out by both sides in syria and building a case.
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it seems this video, too, will be part of the evidence, if that case comes up before the international criminal court. >> if it does take it further, what does that mean? what would achieve? >> we see people from the former warsaw in yugoslavia in the international criminal court at the hague now. people are tried. the people who are subject to those violations, the victims and victims' families are allowed to say what happened to them. very severe prison sentences are handed out. at the moment we are seeing one of the purposes of the international criminal court is not just to provide justice but to show future possible violators that the there is snow impunity. this is exactly what the u.n. is threatening this morning. if you commit a violation such as what appears to be committed in that video, and you will be caught up with, you will be
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brought to justice. there's no impunity for people who commit abuses of that nature. but they are not naming people at this stage? greta but they do have a list of names that is confidential. it's very clear that a case which could be brought to a court of law, be it in the country concerned or more likely at the international criminal court is being built, with names and witnesses. >> thank you for that report from geneva. the u.s. economy is at the heart of the presidential election. in less than two hours, a key jobs figures will be released. 100,000 new jobs need to be created every month to keep up with the growing population. president obama and his rival mitt romney have a matter of days to swing voters their way. the mayor of new york knows who he will support. michael bloomberg says superstorm sandy has helped him make up his mind.
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rally inent obama's colorado in 2008, a young adoring crowd. >> are you fired up? [cheers] >> the placards or different, but the change is still on the agenda. it is just that change takes time, he says. >> you know where i stand and you know i'm willing to make tough decisions even when they are not politically convenient. [cheers and applause] >> the looked like he was enjoying himself, which was not always the case in this campaign. people wondered after he still had a fight in him, after his first debate. he also had good reason to smile. the unexpected backing of new york mayor michael bloomberg, out from managing the city's
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response to hurricane sandy to endorse president obama. he was not un critical of the president, but he link to the hurricane to climate change and said that the storm has brought tuesday's election into focus. he says president obama has taken major steps to reduce oour and consumption over the past four years. now, mitt romney has a history of tackling climate change. he signed a cap-and-trade plan as governor of massachusetts, but has rebuffed it since. there was no shortage of adulation of mitt romney's rally in virginia, but there was also very familiar word on the podium. he wants to be the change candidate too. >> would you want four more years with 23 million people looking for good job? would you want a full you are more years of declining earnings
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and raising taxes? would you want a full you are more years with trillion dollar deficits every year? >> both campaigns are playing the confidence game. both sounded upbeat about their candidate's chances and who can blame them when the polls are so close. behind the scenes, they must be very nervous. bbc news, washington. " there's good news for burma. the world bank has proposed development grants of $80 million and will provide another $160 million of credit once the country has cleared its existing debt. it's helping with the asian development bank and international monetary fund. this is after a year of political reform. we are joined by our bbc editor
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for the burmese service. >> the money is going to be used primarily to provide financial governance to the government and, also, to create conditions for growth and jobs. that's where the money is going to be spent. this is a tremendous boost to the burmese government, because in the last 20 decades there were western sanctions and it had not received any assistance financially from institutions such as the world bank and the asian development bank. the burmese government has always said the western sanctions have prevented them from getting aid. because of that, the development programs were postponed or have
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not taken place. this is a tremendous boost to the burmese government and is a recognition to their reform process. >> china has always been its main ally in the region. are other countries concerned about the growing influence of china? or is it a question of everybody wants to invest in this country? >> the grammys government currently has been very honest in a sense that they have been going around the world and saying that we need foreign investment, we don't have capital or human resources. they have been saying that, so many people are now rushing to burma to invest. going back to the world bank loan of $80 million, it is to provide conditions for jobs. they will provide technical assistance. this is where the burmese government needs to be careful.
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that need consultancy in areas like micro financing, like . public like. this is where consultancy is required. previous evidence shows by taking consultancy, technical assistance, a hefty sum of money goes back to the donor country. this is where the government really need to make sure the money that the world bank is giving is benefiting the public in general. >> thanks very much for joining us. we have more business now with jamie. u.s. jobs figures out in a couple hours. >> we have had some in europe as well. these are the last major economic figures before the u.s. election and they are important, particularly with the election so finely balanced on the fear that if you get a bad figure or very good figure, it could tip
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some voters. in one voters what we are looking for its possibly an increase in the jobless rate up to about 7.9%. 8% would be quite worrisome for obama, psychologically. it's probably 120,000 jobs have been created. i have heard some people with an estimate as low as 30,000 jobs being created. it is a fairly uncertain level. this time of year, the figures are sometimes rather unpredictable. >> there have been a few good numbers coming out of the u.s. >> we have had quite good figures coming out of china as well. germany and the rest of the europe, manufacturing figures are very weak. we have seen sentiment index shrinking in germany. we have seen growth forecast coming down to 1%. in france, all manufacturing
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figures of for the last 15 months except for one have been down. so there is shrinkage as growth is slowing down. and greece and bain's figures are getting worse. >> thanks very much. figures are's getting worse. >> and we have more on jobs and whether that will impact the u.s. election. we have traveled to find out how that is shaping up. a remarkable collection of images of soldiers taking a break from boris of the western front are taking center stage at an exhibition. there were discovered in an attic and were taken by a french couple in northern france during world war all-in-one and were sold as postcards to soldiers.
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>> unseen for nearly 100 years, life between battles for the soldiers. the photographs show all ages and all nationalities. among them, edward, probably dying soon after it was taken, but still remarkable for its family to see. >> the picture taken before he died by the photographers not far from the trenches is quite poignant really. >> the photographs were taken on this camera, by an enterprising french couple. after more than a century and the negatives or in a trunk in the attic of a french farm house and were discovered last year and brought to australia to be developed. >> it is behind the front lines and it was far enough to be safe, but very close to the front. it became a very important rest area. >> the soldiers used the
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photographs as post cards, some telling their families they were surviving the trenches and others how they missed home. >> such powerful messages like, i am alive, well, i am dismayed. craig moe collection of 800 photographs has been described as one of the most significant world war roman one finds in recent years, offering a glimpse of life after one battle and the weight before the next -- wait before the next. experiences recorded on faces. bbc news, australia. >> this is "bbc world news." the headlines, a video posted on the internet appears to show syrian rebels summarily executing a dozen captured government soldiers. jobs figures are out in the u.s.
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and the election campaigns carry on. today rallies move on to ohio and wisconsin. the bbc has heard allegations of dozens of young man being shot by the military in northeast nigeria. but killings reportedly happened on thursday. an iman said he had seen the bodies of almost 50 young men with gunshot wounds. the military said it was not aware public debts. our east africa correspondent is following the story from lagos. >> we heard from a man who says on thursday after the morning prayers he was arrested by soldiers along with his children and forced to go to an open field. he said many people were gathered there. he then said a screening process happened and people's photographs were taken and check against a database.
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and then the group was separated. a number of young men were put to one side. he said that he was then told to look away. he heard gunshots and four of his own children were shot right there. he said and he then went to the morgue and saw 48 bodies of young men who he said had been shot by the military. i have spoken to someone who said that they saw two vehicles carrying dead bodies yesterday. so that is the accusation, summary executions being carried out on the very day when amnesty international was releasing this report saying that the army and the other arms of the nigerian security forces were responsible for gross human-rights violations. >> japanese officials have launched a formal complaint for the american ambassador after an alleged assault on a teenager by a u.s. soldier.
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he entered a private apartment on the island of okinawa where he hit a 13-year-old boy. he was taken to the hospital. now more on what happened. " this was supposed to have happened earlier today in the early hours on friday morning in okinawa, which is an island about 20,000 kilometers south of tokyo, where there are several very large u.s. military bases. the biggest u.s. military base in the asia-pacific region. what is alleged to have happened is a young airmen left a bar inside a building, climbed up to an apartment on a higher floor, on the third floor, broke inside, assaulted a 13-year-old boy, broke a television, then jumped from a window and broke some bones as he did so and the was then taken back to the u.s. base where he's being treated. this is a fairly small incident, but it comes after just two
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weeks ago, two airmen on okinawa were arrested and accused of raping a young japanese woman in police custody. relations between the u.s. military and the local population are extremely tense and have been for many years. so this just adds another incident on top of what is already a very bad situation. >> china's ruling communist party is about told a once in a decade congress or the next generation of leaders will be unveiled. our correspondent is reporting from all parts of the country looking at the challenges china will face over the next 10 years. at the three gorges, we're looking at how construction has affected people. >> it is one of the biggest dams ever built, over two kilometers and costing over $40 billion. it was designed to tame the
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yangtze river. with a project on this scale, nobody was allowed to get in the way. when it was completed, these fishermen were told to leave. but they say it is the only job they know. >> we cannot make a living if we cannot fish. we have appealed, but no one is listening. >> this stands as a symbol of china's and development over the last decade. the scale and pace of change has been unprecedented. the wave of millions of people pushed aside by the communist party has generated enormous resentment. he was one of the millions of people forced to locate -- relocate. he never received compensation he was due. when he complained to local officials, he said he was beaten, leaving and paralyzed.
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>> if ordinary people cannot defend their own lives -- can defender own lives and government officials are accountable, then this country would change for the better. >> and the people in another city have become induced to being better off. many are no longer prepared to be pushed around like in the past. for china's new leaders, that means will in a population less likely to follow the party line. bbc news, china. >> to the other big election, the change at the top in america, that's next week when americans vote. the result will be determined in part by how successful president obama and governor romney have been in convincing people they are able to create jobs.
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our correspondent has been travelling across the country to see how the economy is shaping up. >> chicago was one of the industrial powerhouses that made the u.s. economy the biggest in the world. in recent decades have seen the manufacturing sector eroded. barack obama has said he does not just want to create jobs but skills, well-paid jobs, and nowhere is that ambition being put to the test more than in the city where he made his name as a politician. acme industries, machines, large steel parts, and it has vacancies to be filled. the only catch is they can find enough people with the skills to do them -- cannot. the president of the company believes american manufacturing is bouncing back, despite this. >> we will see a greater amount of manufacturing in the u.s.. number one, i think
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manufacturing, there will be a greater need to have manufacturing done close to where the customer is. second, the increase in technology that we are bringing into manufacturing every day makes us far more productive. >> working experience of actors in hollywood does not have a whole lot in common with factory workers in chicago on the face of it. while you are not likely to see much of the economic downturn on the big screen, its effects are real in los angeles. >> i came out here with 15 people, three of them are still here. two of us are working. so that's the reality of it. staying in the race. >> hollywood has always been about chasing the dream. that belief that the hard work and talent of an individual can win out feels remarkably strong across america. skip is a turkey farmer in northeast ohio.
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>> people want to work and they want to realize what their future is. they want a good future and they will get it. anybody can do it. you can do anything in this country. just work. but they have to have that opportunity. >> a lot of people who unspoken seem to have far more faith in their ability to make a difference to the economy than they do in washington. >> you can see that report in full at 1500 gmt. asking is america working? then said bill nye gmt, 8:00 p.m. eastern in the u.s. -- that is at midnight gmt. listen to this. an asian elephant imitates people and spends a lot of words in caribbean including hello,
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down, and good. good bye for now. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding for this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers use their expertise in global finance to guide you through the business strategies and opportunities of international commerce. we put our extended global network to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you?
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>> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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